Open education is more than MOOCs.
What is It?
Open education supports accessible course information and interaction, and involves some degree of publicly available content or purpose.
A common and increasingly popular form of open education is the Massive Open Online Course, or MOOC. These courses have a free level of access, are open to the public and can host enrollments of the tens of thousands, but open education can take place at any scale.
An open educational framework allows for the breakdown of barriers associated with traditional course modalities that can hinder students’ creative opportunity. Open education promotes active learning and facilitates student agency of their education experience. so that they engage with and develop fluency in their area of study. It also means ensuring course materials and methods are relevant. In a time where educational opportunities are a click away, lowering the barrier to the learning experience is key.
How Can I Use Open Education?
UAF eLearning strongly supports open education in a variety of forms, from complete open courses to sharing of open educational resources. UAF eLearning also provides a community course blogging system hosted in WordPress and a site that gathers and features open courses and open educational resources. It is our belief that providing open access to the educational materials we create is both a positive moral act and a pragmatic method for attracting and recruiting students.
Technology such as WordPress or Google Sites can help provide the architecture to host open courseware.
Here are some examples of open courses:
- https://photography.community.uaf.edu – Charles Mason
Great use of instructor commentary/lectures
- https://citsf221.community.uaf.edu/ – Christen Bouffard
- http://geohazards.community.uaf.edu/ – Jessica Larsen
Solid structure, video presentations, case studies
- https://haveman-summer.community.uaf.edu – Rob Prince
Interaction, role play, open course, badges
- http://amtf200.community.uaf.edu/ – Lisa Kljaich
Lots of media, students create and share from own blogs
- https://fish110.community.uaf.edu/ – Peter Wesley
Blended content for face-to-face course
Considerations for Online Courses
Your choice of technologies have an impact on your ability to take advantage of open teaching and learning. UAF is a “Blackboard Institution,” making the Blackboard learning management system (LMS) available to everyone. However, Blackboard’s design makes the open sharing of material difficult, if not impossible. However, Blackboard remains the students’ first step to find your course. It is their home-base, so we still recommend using it for posting cohort-specific announcements and grades. A link to your open course site should also remain in Blackboard.
We provide an open Community WordPress server which, by default, makes all class content and activity public. It can be used to host all course material, for blogging, discussion, for integrating multimedia. It cannot be used for grades or providing private feedback to students about their grades.
Google Sites is also available for anyone at UA and provides the perfect location for students to create their first domain of their own. It is easy to use and available for posting open course materials. Create a new Google Site by opening Google Drive and choosing ‘NEW’ and then under ‘more’ -> ‘Google Site’.
Bonk, C. J., Lee, M. M., Reeves, T. C., & Reynolds, T. H. (Eds.). (2015). MOOCs and open education around the world. New York, NY: Routledge.
Dalsgaard, C., & Thestrup, K. (2015). Dimensions of openness: Beyond the course as an open format in online education. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 16(6).
- “The pedagogical approach behind the perspective on openness presented in this paper is rooted in the pragmatism of Dewey (1916) and further draws on sociocultural theory. Central to these approaches is the emphasis on the importance of actions and practice for learning.”
Herron, J. (2016). Writing Commons: A Model for the Creation, Usability, and Evaluation of OERs. Composition Forum, 33.
- “As Open Educational Resources (OER) increasingly receive attention from academics, educational foundations, and government agencies, exemplars will emerge that lower student textbook costs by moving away from commercial publishers through self-publishing or curating web-based resources.”
Where Good Ideas Come From
This video is a summary of the ideas of Steven Johnson’s Where Good Ideas Come From. Open education is founded on the idea that a culture of openness leads to better ideas. Although not considered a traditional pedagogical source, the concepts of collaboration and connection are well illuminated in this short, animated lecture.
UAF Instructional Designers
This page has been authored collectively by the experts on the UAF Instructional Design Team. Let us know if you have suggestions or firstname.lastname@example.org